Lowther Endowed School

Achieving, Caring, Enjoying


Curriculum – 2 year cycle INTENT


Cycle 1

Science content NC

Cycle 2

Science content NC


1. Animals inc humans

(the body, senses)

2. Everyday Materials

3. Animals 

(naming, identifying

carnivores etc)


1.Seasonal Changes (Weather)

2. Investigation focus (forces)

3. Living things/habitats inc plants


1.Light & Sound

2. Rocks/soils; States of matter

3. Animals inc humans

Teeth, digestive systems, food chains; plants


1.Animals inc. humans: Skeletons; forces inc magnetism

2. Electricity

3. Living things: habitats


1.Living things; classification/microorganisms; Evolution & inheritance

2.Earth & Space; Properties & changes of materials

3. Electricity & Light


1. Forces inc. levers & pulleys; light

2.Animals inc humans: circulatory system; drugs, diet/exercise

3.Animals inc. humans: Lifecycles of animals

reproduction/cycle of life; sex education

Science PROGRESSION document

EYFS – Development Matters


Show interest in different occupations

Explore how things work

Plant seeds and care for growing plants. 

Understand the key features of the life cycle of a plant and an animal. 

Begin to understand the need to respect and care for the natural environment and all living things.

Explore and feel different forces they can feel

Talk about differences in materials and the changes they notice


Explore the natural world around them.

Describe what they see, hear and feel whilst outside

Recognise some environments that are different from the one in which they live

Understand the effect of changing seasons on the natural world around them


Science Cultural capital

  1. We aim to widen perception of ‘who is a scientist’ - showing the diversity of people/jobs where science is used.
  2. We aim to model and encourage discussions which link science to young people’s interests – this will help to show the relevance of science and normalise it.
  3. We aim to help identify for children that science is everywhere in everything.

Science is an exciting and dynamic subject that engages the children’s curiosity about the world around them. We aim to reflect this through a practical and investigative approach to teaching and learning.


The science curriculum at Lowther Endowed School is designed to provide children with a coherent framework for learning that will build their understanding of ten fundamental concepts in Science.


We aim for the children to develop:


  • a secure, deep understanding of the “big ideas” in science through carefully planned and progressive learning activities
  • an ability to apply long-term knowledge to make predictions and connections in their learning, and to recognise the uses and value of science in the wider world.


The Science curriculum is planned through Knowledge Organisers which provide a sequence of activities that will develop their skills to work scientifically. This includes:

  • Scientific Attitudes & Planning - asking scientifically relevant questions and designing controlled investigations. 
  • Measuring & Observing - learning how to use simple scientific apparatus, and making systematic observations. 
  • Recording & Presenting - using tables, notes and sketches to collect data and presenting this data in a variety of charts, graphs and diagrams. 
  • Analysing & Evaluating - interpreting and analysing findings; drawing conclusions from evidence gathered and evaluating the reliability of investigations. 

Through discussion, observation and practical activities, we seek to build on children’s existing scientific ideas and thinking, giving them a clear and growing understanding of basic scientific concepts.


Children extend their knowledge and understanding of concepts associated with plants and animals, materials and physical processes, such as light and sound. They use skills developed in English and Maths to present, communicate and explain their ideas and opinions.

  • Teachers plan using a variety of resources including the STEM ideas; they use  Knowledge Organisers that ensure a progression of learning and outline the knowledge (including vocabulary) which all children must master 
  • Throughout the learning activities children are challenged with a range of questions for pupils to develop their scientific thinking   
  • Links with the real world, including trips and visits are used where possible to enhance the learning experience 
  • Teachers are working to develop low stakes quizzes within each unit of work to support learners’ ability to retrieve and recall knowledge and promote long term learning 

As well as developing the children’s knowledge of scientific facts and concepts, our curriculum plans are designed to build their key scientific skills:


Throughout our Science teaching in the school, we expect the children to enjoy themselves, show curiosity, perseverance, self-discipline and ingenuity.


During the initial stages of an investigation, they use their planning skills and noticing skills to build on previous knowledge.  They use their collaboration skills during investigations, ensuring they work together and take advantage of each individual’s strengths. Other skills put into practise and strengthened during Science are reasoning, questioning and making links. 


The children are taught to develop respect for the environment and to be aware of their own health and safety.